Home About South Sudan About South Sudan South Sudan gained independence from Sudan on 9 July 2011 as the outcome of a 2005 agreement that ended Africa’s longest-running civil war. It is made up of 10 recognized states. South Sudan is one of the most diverse countries in Africa. Life is Harsh South Sudan is home to 64 different major ethnic groups, and the majority of its people are Christian and most of the rest follow other traditional religions. in South Sudan Independence did not bring conflict in South Sudan to an end. Civil war broke out in 2013 when the president fell out with his then vice president, leading to a conflict that has displaced some 4 million people, most living in great poverty. A power-sharing agreement was signed between the warring parties in August 2018 in a bid to bring the five-year civil war to an end.